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Indonesian soccer stampede one of many crowd-crush tragedies in recent history

The Sunday soccer match stampede that killed more than 125 people and injured 300 others in Indonesia is among the world’s worst crowd disasters in recorded history. A panicked rush for the exits proved deadly when police fired tear gas to squash riots that broke out at Kanjuruhan Stadium in Malang after Persebaya Surabaya beat home team Arema Malang 3-2.

The incident is one of the most lethal mass casualty events recorded in sporting history, eclipsed only by a 1964 stampede that saw 320 people killed and more than 1,000 injured at a Peru-Argentina Olympic qualifier in Lima.

Similar incidents have killed thousands of people in recent decades at sporting events, concerts, nightclubs — and most notably religious pilgrimages like the 2015 hajj stampede that crushed more than 2,400 people to death in Saudi Arabia.

Dec. 3, 1979 — Eleven people are killed as thousands of fans rush to get into a concert by The Who at Riverfront Coliseum in Cincinnati.

Jan. 20, 1980 — A temporary four-story wooden stadium collapses at a bullfight in Sincelejo, Colombia, killing some 200 spectators.

Oct. 20, 1982 — Sixty-six people die in a crush of fans leaving a UEFA Cup match between Spartak Moscow and Haarlem, of the Netherlands, at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow.

May 28, 1985 — Thirty-nine people died in fan violence at the 1985 European Cup final between Liverpool and Juventus at Heysel Stadium in Brussels.

Police officers and soldiers stand amid tear gas smoke after clashes between fans during a soccer match at Kanjuruhan Stadium.
AP
Security officers detain a fan during a clash between supporters of two Indonesian soccer teams at Kanjuruhan Stadium.
Security officers detain a fan during a clash between fans at Kanjuruhan Stadium.
AP

March 13, 1988 — Ninety-three people are killed when thousands of soccer fans surge into locked stadium exits to escape a sudden hailstorm in Kathmandu, Nepal.

April 15, 1989 — Ninety-seven people die and hundreds are injured in a crush of fans at overcrowded Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England. One victim died in 2021 of aspiration pneumonia, to which he had been left vulnerable because of injuries from the disaster.

July 2, 1990 — During the annual hajj in Saudi Arabia, 1,426 Muslim pilgrims, mainly from Asia, die in and around a long pedestrian tunnel leading from Mecca to Mina.

A security guard and an unidentified man look at an area where several people were killed as they were caught in a surging crowd entering Cincinnati's Riverfront Coliseum for a concert by The Who, Dec. 3, 1979.
Several people were killed as they were caught in a surging crowd entering Cincinnati’s Riverfront Coliseum for a concert by The Who on Dec. 3, 1979.
AP
Cincinnati Police and rescue workers attend to two bodies of people crushed to death outside the fateful The Who concert.
Cincinnati police and rescue workers attend to two bodies of people crushed to death outside the concert.
The Cincinnati Enquirer via AP

January 13, 1991 — Forty-two people are killed when fans try to escape brawls at Oppenheimer Stadium in South Africa.

May 23, 1994 — A crush of pilgrims at the hajj leaves 270 Muslim pilgrims dead.

Nov. 23, 1994 — A panicked crush during a political protest in Nagpur, India, leaves 113 dead.

People tend and care for wounded supporters on the field at Hillsborough Stadium, in Sheffield, England, April 15, 1989.
Medics and fans care for wounded attendees on the field at Hillsborough Stadium, in Sheffield, England on April 15, 1989.
AP

Oct. 16, 1996 — Eighty-four people die and 147 are injured as panicked fans are crushed and smothered before a World Cup qualifier between Guatemala and Costa Rica in Guatemala City.

April 9, 1998 — A crush of pilgrims on a bridge in Mecca leaves 118 hajj pilgrims dead.

Aug. 17, 2000 — Nine people were crushed to death in a mosh pit as Pearl Jam performed at the Roskilde Festival in Denmark.

The bodies of people crushed in Mina, Saudi Arabia during the annual hajj pilgrimage on Thursday, Sept. 24, 2015.
The bodies of people crushed in Mina, Saudi Arabia during the annual hajj pilgrimage on Sept. 24, 2015.

Muslim pilgrims and first responders gather around the bodies of people crushed in Mina, Saudi Arabia during the annual hajj pilgrimage on Thursday, Sept. 24, 2015.
At least 2,411 Muslim pilgrims died in the 2015 hajj stampede.

Muslim pilgrims and first responders gather around the bodies of people crushed in Mina, Saudi Arabia during the annual hajj pilgrimage on Thursday, Sept. 24, 2015.
Muslim pilgrims and first responders gather around the bodies of those crushed.

April 11, 2001 — At least 43 people are crushed to death during a soccer match at Ellis Park in Johannesburg, South Africa.

May 9, 2001 — More than 120 people are killed when police fire tear gas into the rowdy crowd in a stadium in the Ghanaian capital Accra, leading to panic.

Feb. 17, 2003 — Twenty-one are crushed to death in the stairway exit to E2, a nightclub in Chicago.

Feb. 20, 2003 — Stage pyrotechnics during a Great White concert at the Station nightclub in Warwick, Rhode Island, spark a fire that kills 100 people and injures more than 200 others.

Feb. 1, 2004 — A panic during a hajj ritual at the Jamarat Bridge near Mecca leaves 251 people dead.

Jan. 25, 2005 — A panic among Hindu pilgrims near Mandhradevi temple in Maharashtra, India, leaves 265 people dead.

Aug. 31, 2005 — At least 640 Shiite Muslim pilgrims in Baghdad are killed when a railing on a bridge collapses during a religious procession, sending scores into the Tigris River.

Jan. 12, 2006 — A panic among Muslim pilgrims during a hajj ceremony near Mecca leaves 345 people dead.

Feb. 4, 2006 — Seventy-eight people are killed in a panicked crush that happened at PhilSports Arena stampede in Manila, Philippines, as they were waiting for a TV variety show audition.

The crowd watches as Travis Scott performs at Astroworld Festival at NRG park on Friday, Nov. 5, 2021.
The crowd watches as Travis Scott performs at Astroworld Festival at NRG park on Friday, Nov. 5, 2021.
Houston Chronicle via AP

Sept. 30, 2008 — At least 168 people are killed and 100 are injured when thousands of Hindu pilgrims are caught in a panic at a temple in Jodhpur, India.

July 24, 2010 — Twenty-one people die and more than 650 are injured in a crush in a packed tunnel that was the sole access point to the Love Parade music festival in Duisburg, Germany.

Nov. 22, 2010 — More than 340 people are killed and hundreds of others are injured during a panicked crush at a festival in the Cambodian capital, Phnom Penh.

Jan. 27, 2013 — A fire kills more than 200 people at the Kiss nightclub in Santa Maria, Brazil.

Sept. 24, 2015 — At least 2,411 Muslim pilgrims die in a crush during the hajj in Saudi Arabia.

April 30, 2021 — Forty-five people are killed and dozens more are wounded in a panicked crush at the annual Mount Meron pilgrimage in Israel.

Nov. 5, 2021 — Fans at a Houston music festival surge toward the stage during a performance by rapper Travis Scott, triggering panic that leaves 10 people dead and many more injured.

With AP wires

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